However this raises a deeper issue how intelligent is each. In general the more specialized the less intelligent. The main reason is that the specialised intelligence are modifications made by human beings.
It is like when a certain application is biased to remove these biases by modifying the algorithms used.
It is like making modifications, because the laws require that all people should be treated equal.
This is different when a program decides based on observations that in a community the overall performance and the feelings of happiness is better when people are treated equal. It should be understood that for a program to come to such a conclusion (and to establish the law) is very difficult.
ITEM 2 OF 4 Question: Determine the average of the integers 71, 72, 73, 74, 75. Minerva answer: 71+72+73+74+75 375 The average of the five integers is given by: -------------- = --- = 75. 5 5 Final Answer: The final answer is 75 . 71+72+73+74+75 365 Incorrect: The correct answer is: -------------- = --- = 73. 5 5 |
Now let me change Question 2 as follows: What is the sum of 11 and 13.
When you do a search with Google "What is the sum of 11 and 13" you will see a calculator showing the numbers 11 and 13 and the result 24. But that is not what you want to use a LLM. Input to the LLM is the input string: "What is the sum of 11 and 13." What does the LLM do? The LLM at his own decission can use Google, but again that is not what you want. In that case the intelligence of the LLM is the same as Google, and the intelligence of Google is the same as the (mechanical) capabilities of the calculator used.
Suppose you change Question 2 as follow: What is the sum of a and b. The correct answer is: a + b.
This answer is more or less in line with the question: What is the sum of 11 apples and 13 pears? Here the answer is: You can not add apples and pears.
Now suppose ask a LLM question 2 and the result is correct. Investigation of the solution you realize that the algorithm used to calculate the average is 1/2 (a + l) with a = 71 and l = 75. Or (71+75)/2 = 73. Of course this algorithm is much simpler as the solution as mentioned in the document.
Next you ask the LLM who is the author of this algorithm. The answer is Carl Friedrich Gauss See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Friedrich_Gauss
In fact Carl Friedrich Gauss invented the algorithm to calculate the sum of n numbers i.e. n(a+l)/2 with being a1 and l being an. Dividing this sum by n gives you the average.
What this means that the intelligence of a LLM is completely dependent about the quality of the algorithms available. However that does not mean that these LLMs can be called intelligent. The intelligence depends completely about the authors. To call that articicial intelligence is a misnomer, because these authors are human beings.
ITEM 2 OF 6 LaMDA: I am familiar with the current situation. Alice forgot her glasses in the drawer, and walked out of the room. |
ITEM 4 OF 6 LaMDA: This is all within the realm of possibility. Let us continue. |
ITEM 6 OF 6 LaMDA: She will look in the drawer where she tried to place them before she left, but it turns out that Bob has hidden them under a sofa cushion. |
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